The PAL project

The surface quartz (Si - smart mineral) deposit is entered into the fold of PAL in 1977 by the late Mr Raymond A. Marleau, M.Sc, D.Sc, geologist and expert in mineral economics, especially silica. He had assessed back then the possibilities of exploitation of the deposit as well as a metallurgical Silicon Metal smelter implementation.


Then he began in the 1980s interacting with different buyers and producers of quartz ore and Si Metal worldwide (Spain, Sweden, Norway, Iceland, China) throughout his career.


As a true visionary, he has chosen to postpone its project assuming, among other things, an increase in demand of Si Metal and its numerous qualities and an increase in market values while expecting a decrease in production costs and an improvement of the techniques. In addition, accessibility to the deposit was possible only by sea while today, a provincial highway is in place since 1995 at only 750 m from the deposit.


Today the relevance of having postponing the project proves the right decision in regards of the markets, needs and price, as well as new manufacturing processes.


The activation of the quarry in Phase 1 represents the first step of a project offering many perspectives of development with high added value materials as architectural quartz block and very high grade pure quartz. Part of the feedstock produced of the quarry is intended for a use intrinsic for a smelter of Si Metal 6N and more (Phase 2) to be build. It could be followed by the construction of a factory producing "wafers" for the photovoltaic market as well as other products of very high purity and quality for multi-industrial applications.


A few notable comments

·       We should remember that we are talking about an open pit extraction method for the quarry not like a mine,which greatly reduces operating costs.


·      Enrichment of quartz (beneficiation), i.e. the reduction or the elimination of the impurities (like boron B and phosphorous P), allows to get a very high grade pure quartz making it eligible for new silicon production techniques and many new prosperous markets. The high added value thereby conferred on the quartz greatly increases the value of the product and the deposit itself. The possibility of refining by eliminating 75% or more impurities allows obtaining a base product of very high quality with high added value.

The Deposit

The deposit has 54,22ha of a high-grade of SiO² content and very low impurity of FeO, B (0,2ppm) and P (0,2ppm). Adjacent and east of the deposit, we acquired 3 claims for an additional 141,26ha, not explore with great potential for several million tons.


It is located at Baie Johan-Beetz on the North Shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, 250km to the East of Sept-îles, a major deep water port and 65 km east of Havre St-Pierre. This site contains a minimum of 5 839 910tm including minimally 1,9Mmt of electronic grade (above 99,6% of SiO² ). The adjacent tonnage at the deposit contain more than 8Mmt, giving it a minimum of useful life of 25 years and up to 50 years if our initials data are confirmed. These estimates reflect only the ore above sea level, which would certainly means some increase in tonnage.


Beside the size of the deposit, it is the raw quality of quartz that it contains that allows to produce high purity silicon for a multitude of markets including solar (6N) and electronic grade (EG 9-11N).


PAL is ready to proceed with the exploitation of the deposit of quartz (open pit method such a quarry).